Breaststroke is an excellent swimming style, but sadly, not many know how to do it properly. In this article, we aim to change precisely that and guide you with the proper techniques to ensure you learn breaststroke correctly so you can do it efficiently, with ease. 


Breaststroke is an excellent swimming style


The biggest mistake which people make while doing breaststroke is with the positioning. For beginners, stand in the water with your arms, board stretched forward, and your legs stretched back with the head being immersed in the water. This is known as the slip position. After each leg push, you have to come back to this position, so mastering it is extremely important.


The positioning of the arms (Arms cycle):

Now comes the tricky part. But we have made it simple for you. Go underwater — keep your hands straight — now imagine a circle whose diameter is from your chin to your fingertips. Your arms are extended at the starting position. Next, retract your arms on this diameter towards your chin. Finally, your fingertips must follow an imaginary circle (the left semicircle with the left hand and the right semicircle with the right hand) — until they finally cross again at the initial position of the arms(which were extended).

The positioning of the arms (Arms cycle)


Positioning the legs (Legs cycle):

Like the arms, here to imagine a circle — this time from your bottom to your heels. The starting position is with the legs stretched outward, and the feet in the shape of a fan with the toes extending outside – like a duck. Next, move your heels to your bottom and then follow the circle with your heels until they are back to the original position.

Positioning the legs (Legs cycle)


Breathing Technique:

Lift your head over the water during the arm cycle and breathe in. Plunge yourself backward by placing your arms in the initial position.

Then, thrust yourself forward using the legs to exhale the air in water. Repeat the process to ensure you are never out of breath.

Common Mistakes:

  1. Muscles on the inner thighs and calves are not relaxed
  2. The feet are not rotating outside properly
  3. Simultaneous movements of the hands and feet. Ensure you get the rhythm as that is pivotal. 
  4. ‘Breaking’ of the wrist — A good technique to overcome this is forgetting that you have a wrist, and you can move your hands freely. 
  5. During the pull phase of the arms, many people go beyond the shoulder line with their hands. Ensure your hands always remain insight and do not go beyond the shoulder line.




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