Juan Martin Del Potro, Andre Agassi, Rafael Nadal, Lleyton Hewitt, Andy Murray represented different nationalities. They delighted their fans around the world. But one thing is common in them. As fate has it, they spoiled most of their energies in fighting injuries.
Many players suffer injuries in their careers. But shockingly, two-thirds of tennis injuries are due to overuse of the body. The most common of these is Tennis Elbow. Shoulder, back, elbow, ankle, wrist are also prone to suffer. Let’s study these.
Lateral epicondylitis is another name for Tennis Elbow. In it, inflammation of tendons, that join forearm to the outside of the elbow, takes place. Overuse of the body is the most common reason. Other racket players have also been noticed suffering from it. Pain on the outside of the elbow and weak grip are the most common symptoms.
In the shoulder, the most common problem is Rotator Cuff Tears. Clubbing of tendons with muscles gets affected due to overuse and causes it. Pain, weakness in shoulder and problem in arm lifting are common symptoms.
Back pain is another injury, common nowadays. It causes spondylolisthesis in which the vertebra shifts forward. Stress on vertebra, trunk and back results in it. With activity, it can get worse. It develops because of constant pressure on playas for big serves.
Jumper’s Knee or Patellar Tendonitis is growing these days. The tendon that attaches kneecap to the shinbone gets affected. The movement of the leg suffers due to it. Jumping, movement on stairs, kneeling, squatting becomes tough. It causes pain and swelling in the affected area.
Ankle Sprain develops due to sideways motion of the ankle. If the ligament of the ankle gets stretched or damaged, it causes the ankle sprain. It can be felt by the player in the form of pain, swelling, and stiffness in the affected area.
Paying attention to the right technique is the first key. Too much arching of the back while serving is a major cause of back pain. Avoid picking balls from the ground too much by bending the body. Choose a good tennis shoe to prevent ankle injuries. Wearing two pairs of socks is a better idea. Tennis gear must be of good quality. Pay attention to the size and weight of the racket. A good warm-up before involving in heavy strain helps reduce muscular pain. Don’t overexert your body and take regular breaks.
X-Ray, CT scan is often suggested for diagnosis. Blood and sugar tests can also be done. Medicines help but these should be taken under the prescription of a doctor.
Surgery is the last resort of treatment. After stopping medicines and after finishing the surgery, a doctor can advise physiotherapy exercises as per the nature of the injury. It’s always better to speak to a sports medicine professional and trainer.
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